Dr.ssa Michela Barducco

Dietista, Naturopata, Counselor e Floriterapeuta


Alimentazione e trattamenti naturali

Il mio blog


Diario alimentare e trattamento del sovrappeso e dell'obesità

Posted on February 8, 2013 at 5:25 PM
Nel trattamento del sovrappeso e dell'obesità uno strumento molto utile è rappresentato dal diario alimentare.
Per riuscire a modificare qualsivoglia comportamento è premessa indispensabile la conoscenza approfondita di quel comportamento, che va pertanto osservato, prima ancora di essere modificato; è poi necessario individuare quelle condizioni in grado di favorire la comparsa del comportamento da modificare e che agiscono come rinforzo al suo mantenimento.   
L’automonitoraggio è utile sia per il paziente, per riflettere ed analizzare la propria situazione, sia per il terapeuta, per meglio definire i possibili interventi. 

Il diario alimentare, permettendo di individuare con chiarezza le abitudini errate, gli eventi e le emozioni che conducono all'assunzione di cibo e i sentimenti che vi si accompagnano, rappresenta uno strumento importantissimo per attuare un adeguato intervento di educazione alimentare fondato sulle reali condizioni del paziente. 

La compilazione del diario alimentare ha lo scopo di:
  • rendere consapevoli della quantità e della qualità del cibo che si consuma - molte persone  mangiano in maniera automatica e non sono completamente consapevoli del cibo consumato
  • evidenziare stili alimentari particolari - ad esempio il consumo di cibo in particolari momenti della giornata 
  • aiutare a distinguere la fame biologica dalla fame nervosa - alla fame biologica è giusto rispondere con il consumo di cibo, privilegiando alimenti a bassa densità energetica e limitando gli alimenti ad elevata densità energetica; alla fame nervosa o emotiva è più corretto dare risposte differenti
  • aumentare la capacità di autocontrollo
  1. il solo fatto di annotare gli alimenti assunti induce un aumento del grado di coscienza e di attenzione riguardo alle proprie abitudini alimentari, che di conseguenza tendono già spontaneamente a migliorare  
  2. il fatto di dover annotare gli alimenti sul diario può funzionare da deterrente nei confronti dell’assunzione di numerosi spuntini fuori pasto 
  3. identificando le situazioni a rischio per il consumo di cibo in eccesso sarà possibile apprendere le strategie utili ad affrontarle  

All'interno del diario andranno annotati di volta in volta:     
  • l’ora 
  • gli alimenti consumati, con la quantità indicativa 
  • l’eventuale cibo consumato in eccesso  
  • il contesto nel quale si sono assunti gli alimenti - utile ad identificare come eventuali persone presenti, determinate situazioni sociali, la solitudine possano influenzare le assunzioni alimentari
  • commenti - utili ad identificare il tipo di situazione ad alto rischio che ha portato a mangiare in eccesso, le emozioni che hanno determinato l’assunzione di cibo, le emozioni che l’hanno accompagnata e seguita, l'influenza degli stimoli interni ed esterni sull'assunzione alimentare, la presenza di pensieri distorti riguardo l'alimentazione   
Annotare gli alimenti consumati, con la quantità indicativa, permette di raggiungere quella consapevolezza della quantità e della qualità della propria alimentazione di cui si diceva sopra ed inoltre permette di individuare, se ce ne sono, quegli alimenti che più facilmente inducono all'eccesso. 
Per quanto riguarda l’ora, questa potrà rivelare la presenza di particolari stili alimentari, quali l’abitudine di mangiare in particolari momenti della giornata o di saltare la prima colazione o ancora di fare continui spuntini nell'arco della giornata, senza avere orari fissi per l’alimentazione; vi sono poi persone che, pur riuscendo a controllare la loro alimentazione durante il giorno, fanno un ricorso eccessivo al cibo la sera od ancora in momenti che non dovrebbero essere deputati al consumo di alimenti, come nel caso dei cosiddetti “mangiatori notturni”. 
Il contesto permette di individuare quei luoghi e quelle situazioni, oltre che la presenza di particolari persone, che sono più a rischio, dando così la possibilità di elaborare e mettere in atto comportamenti adeguati per quei luoghi e quelle situazioni.  
La colonna dei commenti tra l’altro permette di capire se la quantità di cibo consumato è legata a particolari situazioni in modo da trovare modi più funzionali per reagire a tali situazioni.

Categories: Sovrappeso e obesità

Post a Comment


Oops, you forgot something.


The words you entered did not match the given text. Please try again.


Reply kobe shoes
2:34 AM on December 8, 2022 
I wish to express my thanks to you for rescuing me from this type of incident. After surfing around throughout the search engines and getting basics that were not beneficial, I figured my entire life was over. Existing devoid of the answers to the issues you have sorted out all through this website is a crucial case, as well as the kind that would have badly damaged my entire career if I had not come across your web page. Your personal natural talent and kindness in maneuvering every aspect was precious. I am not sure what I would have done if I had not come upon such a solution like this. I can now look ahead to my future. Thanks for your time very much for this skilled and result oriented help. I won't be reluctant to recommend your web blog to any individual who should get recommendations on this area.
kobe shoes http://www.kobesneakers.com
Reply jordan shoes
2:35 AM on December 8, 2022 
I in addition to my pals happened to be checking out the excellent guides on your website then then got a terrible suspicion I had not expressed respect to the website owner for those techniques. Those young men ended up totally thrilled to read all of them and already have very much been taking advantage of them. Thank you for being quite thoughtful and then for figuring out some superior subject matter most people are really needing to be informed on. My very own honest regret for not saying thanks to you earlier.
jordan shoes http://www.jordansshoes.us.org
Reply curry 9
11:34 AM on December 9, 2022 
I want to show some appreciation to you just for bailing me out of such a scenario. As a result of searching throughout the world-wide-web and seeing thoughts that were not productive, I was thinking my life was over. Existing without the presence of answers to the difficulties you've resolved by means of the write-up is a serious case, and the kind that might have adversely damaged my entire career if I hadn't discovered your web site. The know-how and kindness in taking care of the whole thing was important. I'm not sure what I would have done if I had not discovered such a thing like this. I am able to at this moment relish my future. Thanks a lot very much for your impressive and amazing guide. I will not be reluctant to refer your web page to any person who needs to have recommendations about this issue.
curry 9 http://www.curry9.us
Reply kobe sneakers
11:35 AM on December 9, 2022 
I want to get across my admiration for your kind-heartedness in support of those individuals that really want assistance with in this issue. Your real commitment to passing the solution throughout appeared to be surprisingly important and has in most cases enabled individuals much like me to arrive at their pursuits. Your amazing interesting tips and hints denotes a whole lot a person like me and additionally to my mates. Best wishes; from all of us.
kobe sneakers http://www.kobesneakers.com
Reply off white shoes
11:36 AM on December 9, 2022 
A lot of thanks for all your valuable efforts on this site. Debby really loves participating in investigation and it's easy to see why. A lot of people know all about the lively way you create precious solutions by means of the web blog and in addition cause participation from the others on that concept and our own simple princess is learning a lot. Have fun with the rest of the new year. Your carrying out a really good job.
off white shoes http://www.offwhites.us.com
Reply goyard online store
10:11 PM on December 11, 2022 
I really wanted to develop a small message in order to express gratitude to you for these amazing tactics you are writing here. My particularly long internet look up has at the end of the day been honored with pleasant ideas to share with my visitors. I 'd admit that we website visitors actually are undoubtedly endowed to be in a fantastic community with so many brilliant professionals with valuable tactics. I feel pretty happy to have encountered your entire web pages and look forward to many more awesome minutes reading here. Thanks once more for everything.
goyard online store http://www.goyardsstoreonline.com
Reply off white outlet
10:12 PM on December 11, 2022 
A lot of thanks for all of your work on this website. My daughter delights in going through internet research and it's easy to see why. All of us hear all relating to the compelling way you produce worthwhile things on your web blog and therefore foster contribution from people about this content so our own princess has been studying a whole lot. Take pleasure in the rest of the new year. You're the one conducting a splendid job.
off white outlet http://www.off-whiteoutlet.us.com
Reply kevin durant shoes
2:14 PM on December 15, 2022 
I enjoy you because of your own effort on this web page. My daughter really loves working on investigations and it's really easy to see why. A lot of people hear all about the dynamic way you render very important solutions by means of the blog and attract contribution from other individuals on this matter then our own girl is now understanding a lot. Take advantage of the remaining portion of the new year. Your conducting a good job.
kevin durant shoes http://www.kevindurantshoes.us.com
Reply golden goose outlet
2:15 PM on December 15, 2022 
I as well as my buddies happened to be reading the best helpful tips found on your site while all of the sudden I got an awful suspicion I had not thanked the blog owner for those tips. Most of the people were definitely warmed to study all of them and already have in fact been tapping into those things. I appreciate you for being so kind and for finding varieties of exceptional things millions of individuals are really needing to be aware of. My very own sincere apologies for not expressing appreciation to you earlier.
golden goose outlet http://www.goldengoosetime.com
Reply nike sb dunks
2:16 PM on December 15, 2022 
I have to show thanks to you just for rescuing me from this matter. As a result of looking throughout the online world and getting notions that were not helpful, I believed my entire life was done. Being alive without the presence of answers to the issues you have resolved all through your good post is a crucial case, as well as ones which may have badly affected my career if I had not come across your website. Your primary skills and kindness in controlling all the stuff was valuable. I am not sure what I would have done if I had not discovered such a stuff like this. It's possible to now relish my future. Thanks a lot very much for this skilled and effective help. I won't think twice to recommend your web sites to any individual who desires support on this area.
nike sb dunks http://www.sbdunk.us
Reply golden goose
12:22 AM on December 18, 2022 
Thank you so much for providing individuals with remarkably spectacular chance to read from this website. It's usually so good and as well , stuffed with a good time for me personally and my office peers to search your blog at the least thrice in one week to see the fresh things you will have. And definitely, I'm so always contented with the spectacular opinions you give. Some 3 ideas on this page are in reality the most effective we have had.
golden goose http://www.goldengoosessale.com
Reply curry 6
12:23 AM on December 18, 2022 
Thank you so much for providing individuals with an extraordinarily brilliant possiblity to read articles and blog posts from this blog. It's always very awesome and as well , full of a lot of fun for me personally and my office peers to visit your web site at the least three times weekly to learn the new items you will have. And lastly, I'm also at all times happy for the eye-popping tricks you give. Certain 4 facts in this posting are definitely the simplest we have all had.
curry 6 http://www.curry6.net
Reply jordan outlet
12:24 AM on December 18, 2022 
I enjoy you because of all your efforts on this web page. Gloria really loves getting into investigations and it is simple to grasp why. Many of us notice all regarding the compelling method you deliver very useful tips by means of the web site and in addition encourage contribution from some other people on that topic while our child is undoubtedly becoming educated a whole lot. Enjoy the remaining portion of the new year. You're the one performing a very good job.
jordan outlet http://www.jordans-shoes.us.org
Reply yeezy 500
7:04 AM on December 19, 2022 
I wanted to write you the very small remark just to say thanks once again over the wonderful tips you have shown at this time. This has been simply incredibly generous of people like you to provide without restraint just what most of us could have supplied for an electronic book to help make some profit for themselves, principally given that you might well have tried it if you decided. The techniques likewise acted to provide a fantastic way to recognize that many people have similar interest just like my personal own to realize very much more when it comes to this condition. I think there are several more pleasurable times in the future for people who look over your blog post.
yeezy 500 http://www.yeezy-500.us.com
Reply cheap jordans
7:05 AM on December 19, 2022 
I intended to post you that very little word so as to thank you very much over again for those pleasing pointers you have featured in this article. It has been really remarkably generous of people like you to allow publicly all a lot of people would've marketed for an ebook to earn some dough for themselves, most importantly considering that you could have tried it in case you desired. Those tricks likewise acted to become easy way to recognize that someone else have similar dreams much like my personal own to figure out somewhat more pertaining to this matter. I think there are many more pleasant occasions ahead for many who looked over your blog.
cheap jordans http://www.jordansforcheap.us.com
Reply goyard bags
1:39 PM on December 20, 2022 
I precisely had to thank you very much once more. I am not sure the things I could possibly have done in the absence of the entire methods shared by you concerning such a area of interest. It seemed to be a real difficult problem for me personally, but noticing the expert avenue you handled it took me to leap for delight. Now i'm happier for the information and then sincerely hope you recognize what a great job you happen to be accomplishing instructing many people using a blog. I know that you haven't come across all of us.
goyard bags http://www.goyardshandbag.us
Reply ggdb outlet
1:39 PM on December 20, 2022 
Thank you for your entire effort on this site. Kim delights in making time for research and it is simple to grasp why. My spouse and i hear all of the powerful method you create efficient tactics via your blog and therefore boost participation from visitors about this subject matter plus our girl is becoming educated a lot of things. Enjoy the rest of the new year. You are carrying out a pretty cool job.
ggdb outlet http://www.ggdb.us.com
Reply air jordan
1:40 PM on December 20, 2022 
I simply wished to thank you so much once more. I am not sure the things I would have accomplished without the information shared by you regarding such a area. Previously it was an absolute alarming condition in my position, nevertheless noticing a new well-written tactic you managed the issue forced me to weep over gladness. Extremely happier for this help and pray you recognize what an amazing job you are doing teaching the rest by way of your webpage. Probably you haven't got to know all of us.
air jordan http://www.jordansshoes.us.com
Reply yeezy boost 350
1:40 PM on December 20, 2022 
I am glad for writing to let you understand of the exceptional discovery my cousin's girl found going through the blog. She figured out many pieces, which included what it's like to possess an amazing helping mood to let other individuals clearly gain knowledge of several tricky things. You actually exceeded her expectations. I appreciate you for delivering the practical, safe, explanatory and cool thoughts on that topic to Gloria.
yeezy boost 350 http://www.yeezy-350.us.com
Reply yeezy
6:00 PM on December 21, 2022 
I and my buddies were actually checking out the nice solutions found on your web page and instantly came up with a horrible suspicion I had not thanked the web site owner for those techniques. My men ended up certainly very interested to read them and already have clearly been enjoying those things. Thanks for genuinely well considerate and for making a choice on these kinds of excellent guides most people are really wanting to be informed on. My personal sincere apologies for not expressing appreciation to you sooner.
yeezy http://www.shoes-yeezy.us